Are peripheral surgeries used to treat people with dystonia?


Peripheral surgeries are not being used to treat people with dystonia. Deep brain stimulation is the treatment of choice for severe dystonia that does not respond to other measures. Focal dystonias can be treated with botulinum toxin also known as Botox. For example, for neck dystonia, Botox injections can help improve posture.

Before the development of botulinum neurotoxin injections, surgical techniques were developed to treat specific focal dystonias by targeting nerves and/or muscles. Peripheral surgical techniques were developed for blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, and spasmodic dysphonia/laryngeal dystonia. Because of the availability of botulinum neurotoxin therapy and the use of deep brain stimulation to treat these dystonias, peripheral surgeries are done less frequently; however, they may be options for particular patients when recommended and performed by the appropriate medical and surgical team.

Continue Learning about Dystonia


When your muscles contract involuntarily, the condition is called dystonia. Dystonia causes a twisting or clenching of whatever body part is affected. For example, when you have a stroke, the affected arm and hand may be clenched ...

and held in a strange position. Dystonia can be very mild or very severe. It can make your life very difficult and this can lead to frustration, depression or anxiety. See your doctor to treat your symptoms and talk over your frustrations.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.