Are ramisectomy and rhizotomy surgeries performed for cervical dystonia?

Ramisectomy and rhizotomy are procedures that involve cutting the nerve or nerves supplying overactive muscles, including those involved in cervical dystonia. A ramisectomy may be incorporated into a selective denervation surgery for cervical dystonia, while rhizotomies are only rarely performed for dystonia.

These procedures are recommended less frequently for cervical dystonia in light of the availability of less aggressive, but effective,  therapies such as botulinum toxin injections and deep brain stimulation.

This content originally appeared on the Dystonia Medical Research Foundation website at

Continue Learning about Dystonia


When your muscles contract involuntarily, the condition is called dystonia. Dystonia causes a twisting or clenching of whatever body part is affected. For example, when you have a stroke, the affected arm and hand may be clenched ...

and held in a strange position. Dystonia can be very mild or very severe. It can make your life very difficult and this can lead to frustration, depression or anxiety. See your doctor to treat your symptoms and talk over your frustrations.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.