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What are the symptoms and conditions associated with Down syndrome?

The symptoms and conditions related to Down syndrome (DS) can vary widely from individual to individual. Not everyone with DS will experience these symptoms and conditions or the same level of severity.
Physical appearance: People with DS tend to have a slant to their eyes, a flatter face than typical, a smaller stature, and hypotonia, or floppy, loose muscles due to low muscle tone.
Medical conditions: There may be health problems due to heart defects, hypothyroidism, visual and hearing conditions, spinal abnormalities, seizure disorders, dementia, and leukemia.
Cognitive challenges: Individuals with DS may also have a cognitive delay (most having mild to moderate levels). Children may struggle with processes involved in meeting speech and fine and gross motor milestones.

There are many symptoms and conditions associated with Down syndrome. Some of the systems in the body that are commonly affected include: growth, hearing, vision, thyroid, sleep, heart, immunity, muscle and nerve problems.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.