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Why could my body reject a transplanted liver?

Your body will recognize your new liver as foreign and develop immune cells, called lymphocytes, to attack it. This is called rejection, and many recipients will experience some degree of rejection after transplantation. Rejection as a cause of graft loss is extremely uncommon; however, when it happens it is usually easily reversed with medications. The first rejection commonly occurs within three months after the operation. You are monitored closely during this time so the warning signs of rejection can be spotted early and steps taken to control it.

A biopsy of the liver is usually necessary to diagnose the extent of the rejection taking place, and to rule out any other problems. Biopsy results will help determine which anti-rejection therapy would be best for you.

Your body may reject a new liver if the immune system views the tissue as an intruder.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.