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How do medications treat esophageal ulcers?

Medications treat esophageal ulcers by fighting the causes of these ulcers and neutralizing the symptoms. Two primary causes of esophageal ulcers are GERD, or acid reflux, and H. pylori bacteria. Antacids, proton-pump inhibitors, and acid blockers address stomach acid and GERD by neutralizing stomach acid or reducing the amount of acid in the digestive tract. Antibiotics, on the other hand, address the other common cause of esophageal ulcers by fighting bacteria. When individuals take their medication regularly, they have a good chance of improving as their ulcers heal. When individuals do not take their medicine regularly, however, they can cause their ulcers to become refractory, or permanent.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.