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How are anal fissures treated?

About 50 percent of anal fissures heal, either by themselves or with the use of a medicated cream or ointment. Stool softeners and sitz baths (soaking the anal area in plain warm water for 15 to 20 minutes) may also be helpful.

A persistent anal fissure should be re-examined to see whether a definite reason exists for lack of healing. Such reasons may include scarring or muscle spasm of the internal anal muscle. Those fissures that continue to cause pain or bleeding can be corrected by surgery.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.