What are the four types of injury that can cause diffuse brain damage?


There are four main types of brain injuries that can cause diffuse brain damage These include:

  • Diffuse axonal injury: This occurs when axons - the parts of nerve cells through which nerve impulses leave - are damaged.
  • Ischemic brain injury: This occurs when an adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood is blocked from entering the brain.
  • Brain swelling: This often occurs after a traumatic head injury and causes pressure to build up within the skull.
  • Diffuse vascular injury: This brain injury, which is generally fatal, is characterized by several small hemorrhages.

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