Jerusalem artichokes may also have some immune-enhancing activity, as inulin also has the ability to enhance a component of our immune system known as complement. Complement is responsible for increasing host defense mechanisms, such as neutralization of viruses, destruction of bacteria, and increased movement of white blood cells (neutrophils, monocytes, eosinophils, and lymphocytes) to areas of infection. Many medicinal plants, such as echinacea and burdock, owe much of their immune-enhancing effects to inulin. Jerusalem artichoke is one of the richest sources of inulin available.
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