What nutrients do older adults lack?

Dariush Mozaffarian, MD
Internal Medicine
According to the Framingham Heart Study, 30% of people ages 67 and over lack adequate folic acid, 20% do not get sufficient vitamin B6, and 20% to 25% do not get enough B12. The Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging found that most older men and women are deficient in calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium, and vitamin D. Malabsorption, poor diet, or other causes may underpin this pervasive problem.  Low levels of omega-3 fatty acids in older adults in the Cardiovascular Health Study have been linked to higher risk of sudden death, stroke, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation.

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