How should I prepare food to avoid contamination if I am on dialysis?

If you are on dialysis, it’s important to shop for and prepare food carefully to avoid contamination:
  • Dented or damaged cans: Do not eat foods from dented or damaged cans.
  • Freshness dates: Do not use food products after their freshness date has expired.
  • Raw eggs: Do not eat raw eggs or uncooked dough which contains raw eggs.
  • Wash produce thoroughly with water: Use a scrub brush to remove dirt from potatoes, carrots and turnips. Peel and discard outer leaves and rinds. Wash prepackaged salad mixes and vegetables, even if the label says they are pre-washed. No soap or detergent is needed.
  • Purchase fresh produce: Do not buy any produce which is bruised, shriveled, moldy or slimy. Buy only what you can use within a few days.
  • Thaw frozen foods in the refrigerator, not on the counter.
  • Separate your cutting boards: Use one board for raw meat, poultry and fish and use another board for salads and other foods.
  • Buy fresh fish: Seafood should have a clean smell. The fish eyes should be clear, shiny and bulging (not sunken). 

Continue Learning about Dialysis


Healthy kidneys remove waste from your blood and produce hormones your body needs. If your kidneys fail, you either need a kidney transplant or dialysis. Dialysis is a procedure that uses a machine to perform many of the functions ...

of the kidney. Dialysis can help prevent problems resulting from kidney failure and it allows people with kidney failure to live productive lives. Dialysis filters your blood, and like a health kidney, removes waste from your blood. Patients using dialysis are also required to follow a strict diet in order to stay healthy. There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. There are different advantages and disadvantages with both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Talk to your doctor about which type of dialysis would work better for you.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.