The survival rate for an individual who requires dialysis treatments is highly individualized. There are many factors that determine the survival rate for dialysis. Primarily, the co-morbid conditions (other chronic illnesses) that exist are a major determinant. Also, the illness that led to chronic renal failure also determines the survival rate. For example, if your primary diagnosis is Type II Diabetes, it is extremely important to consistently manage your blood glucose levels within a normal range, follow dietary recommendations by the physician and nutritionist, exercise regularly, and have regular check-ups.
Individuals have been known to survive on dialysis for 25 years or more. The ideal treatment plan however is a kidney transplant. There is a misconception that dialysis is the cause of mortality. To the contrary, it is the complications that result from renal failure in addition to other co-morbid conditions that usually lead to death.