What is oxytocin injection?

Oxytocin, known by the brand name Pitocin, is a prescription uterine stimulant. It is given by a physician or other healthcare professional to induce labor. Oxytocin changes the calcium concentrations in the muscle cells of the uterus, thereby causing the uterus to contract.

It is used in cases that show a need for induction of labor such as women with Rh problems, maternal diabetes, or when membranes have prematurely ruptured and delivery is necessary. Women who suffer from preeclampsia will be given oxytocin at or near term, when delivery is in the best interest of the mother and the fetus. It can be used to prompt or reinforce contractions, as in certain cases of uterine inactivity, or as additional therapy in the management of partial or unavoidable abortion. Oxytocin is also administered to produce uterine contractions during the third stage of labor as well as manage postpartum bleeding or hemorrhage.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.