Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

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    dLife - braised kale
    Kale is an antioxidant-packed leafy green that calms inflammation, so it's great for people with diabetes -- and it may even help prevent cancer. It can have a bitter taste, but here it's paired with leeks and Dijon mustard for a creamy, flavorful dish. 

    Click below to watch chef Michel Nischan prepare this simple recipe.

    Braised Kale


    1 fresh leek, white part only, sliced (or 6 green onions and tops, sliced)
    2 tsp olive oil
    1 lb kale, rinsed, dried, and torn into pieces (about 5 cups)
    1/2 cup low sodium vegetable broth
    1/2 cup sour cream
    1 tsp dijon mustard
    1 pinch salt
    1 pinch black pepper
    1/4 cup cold water


    1. In large skillet, heat olive oil over medium. Add leeks, cook 3 to 4 minutes or until soft.
    2. Add kale and cook while stirring until it starts to wilt. Add water and vegetable broth. Bring to boil. Lower heat and simmer, covered, 5 minutes or until kale wilts. Drain 2/3 of liquid from skillet. Return skillet to heat.
    3. Add sour cream and mustard. Stir to blend well. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Serve.

    Additional Information

    Beet, turnip, or mustard greens can be substituted for kale.

    Makes 4 servings

    Amount Per Serving

    Calories 134.4
    Total Carbs 12.4 g
    Dietary Fiber 2 g
    Sugars 2 g
    Total Fat 7.8 g
    Saturated Fat 3.8 g
    Unsaturated Fat 3.9 g
    Potassium 379.7 mg
    Protein 3.8 g
    Sodium 121.5 mg

  • 1 Answer
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    A serious risk of taking Novolin, a form of insulin for people with diabetes, is hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar. If after using Novolin you feel dizzy, faint or weak, or you start sweating, your blood sugar may have dropped too low. Talk to your doctor about what you should do if this occurs. You’ll probably be advised to eat something with sugar, such as some hard candies, or to drink half a glass of juice. Get medical help if you suspect your symptoms are severe or they don't go away after you eat sugar.

    Other side effects can include signs of an allergic reaction, such as a rash, shortness of breath, blurred vision, wheezing, dizziness, fast heartbeat and trouble breathing or swallowing. If this happens, get emergency medical help right away. You may also experience redness, swelling or itching where the medicine was injected. Let your doctor know if this occurs.
  • 2 Answers
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    The A1C test gives a broad picture of your blood sugar levels, because it provides an average of your levels over a 120-day span. The A1C test measures the percentage of glycated hemoglobin in your blood. Glycated hemoglobin is created when molecules of hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein in your blood) attach to molecules of glucose (the sugar in your blood). The more sugar you have in your blood, the higher your percentage of glycated hemoglobin, or HbA1c. Someone who does not have diabetes may typically find that about 5% of their hemoglobin is glycated. People with diabetes that is not well-controlled may find that as much as 25% of their hemoglobin is glycated. If an A1C tests shows that 6.5% of your hemoglobin is glycated, your doctor may diagnose you with diabetes.

    The A1C test is one of several tools that doctors can use to make an accurate diagnosis of diabetes and create the best treatment plan for you.
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  • 3 Answers
    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of
    Diet controlled diabetes is when blood sugar levels are controlled through diet and exercise or in other words-a healthy lifestyle. People with type 1 diabetes are unable to control their blood sugar readings from diet and exercise alone and must inject insulin along with following a healthy lifestyle. People with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes may be prescribed to manage their diabetes through diet and exercise alone as they may produce some insulin but not enough that their blood sugar readings are slightly elevated. No matter what route you are prescribed to manage blood sugar levels, diet and exercise are always a part of the prescription.
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  • 1 Answer
    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) is probably the most influential study of blood pressure medication ever conducted. It included 33,000 people who were randomized to take one of three blood pressure-lowering medications: a thiazide diuretic, a calcium-channel blocker, or an ACE inhibitor. The rate of heart attacks and deaths from heart disease was similar in all three groups, but the thiazide group had a lower rate of heart failure.

    Researchers analyzed the ALLHAT data to see how the three different medications affected blood sugar levels. They found that all three were associated with an increase in blood sugar, but more people in the thiazide group (11.6%) were diagnosed with diabetes than those assigned to take the calcium-channel blocker (9.8%) or the ACE inhibitor (8.1%). This modest difference in the risk for developing diabetes did not, however, translate into more heart attacks or other problems. So, on balance, the benefits of thiazide diuretics -- controlling and preventing hypertension-associated events -- outweigh the risk of developing diabetes.

    I think the thiazide diuretics remain an excellent first choice for most people with high blood pressure, and the small increased risk of developing diabetes seen in the ALLHAT study shouldn't deter patients from taking them or physicians from prescribing them.
  • 1 Answer
    A Healthcare, answered on behalf of
    Type 2 diabetes is associated with overweight and obesity, and it used to be rare in kids. Before 1994, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and teens was less than 5 percent. Since that time, it has risen dramatically to between 30 and 50 percent. Early onset of type 2 diabetes puts kids at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol) and kidney disease.
  • 1 Answer
    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    Dr. Robin Miller - high fructose corn syrup and diabetes

    Experts believe that high fructose corn syrup is contributing to rising rates of obesity and diabetes, says Dr. Robin Miller. To learn more about the role that this ubiquitous ingredient has on diabetes, watch this video.

  • 1 Answer
    Steroid medications can decrease the body's ability to use its blood sugar for energy. This can cause increased blood sugar (glucose). This condition is called hyperglycemia, or steroid-induced diabetes.

    Avoiding concentrated carbohydrates will help decrease the side effects of steroid medications.

    These foods are high in simple sugars and should be avoided:
    • Sugar
    • Canned fruit or juice with added sugar or syrup 
    • Honey 
    • Chewing gum with sugar 
    • Molasses 
    • Soft drinks 
    • Syrup 
    • Sweetened mineral water 
    • Sugary pies 
    • Cookies, candy 
    • Doughnuts and sweet rolls
    • Sweetened condensed milk 
    • Fruited yogurt 
    • Ice cream 
    • Jams, jellies, marmalades 
    • Sherbet 
    • Puddings 
    • Fruit Ice 
    • Frozen fruit or juice with added sugar or syrup 
    • Jell-O
    If you develop hyperglycemia, your diet may need to be changed to include the following guidelines:
    • Eating three meals per day are recommended, consumed at regular and evenly-spaced times.
    • Limiting fruit to one serving per meal, and eating fresh or water-packed canned fruit only (no syrup or added sugar). 
    • Reading food labels to avoid foods with sugar, honey, sucrose, dextrose, or corn syrup listed as the first or second ingredient.
  • 1 Answer
    The lifetime risk of diabetes for people born in the United States in 2000 is:
    • for all Americans: one of three
    • for African American and Hispanic males: two of five
    • for African American and Hispanic females: one of two
    Additionally, CDC estimates that as many as one in three U.S. adults could have diabetes by 2050 if current trends continue. One in nine U.S. adults has diabetes now.

    The presence of the CDC logo and CDC content on this page should not be construed to imply endorsement by the US Government of any commercial products or services, or to replace the advice of a medical professional. The mark “CDC” is licensed under authority of the PHS.
  • 1 Answer
    Though tasty and convenient, bananas are high in carbs and not very diabetes-friendly (for blood sugar control or weight loss). You want to look for fruits that are low in carbs but high in fiber and other health-promoting nutrients. Some good choices include strawberries, cantaloupe, grapefruit, oranges, peaches and raspberries.