Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Recently Answered

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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    You should know the following about calibration flexibility in CGM monitors:

    • How much flexibility does the system have for the environment of the calibration?
    • Can you calibrate when blood glucose levels are dropping? 
    • Can you calibrate when blood glucose levels are rising?
    • Or do you need to calibrate in calm water?
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    People without diabetes may not notice the immediate effects of choosing an extra doughnut for breakfast. Their bodies balance the extra carbohydrates by putting out more insulin.  

    But if you have diabetes, you have to do the balancing act your body used to do for you. You need to make sure that your carbohydrate intake is balanced with your insulin doses, oral medication, and physical activity to keep your blood glucose levels on target. And, by eating more nutritious meals, you may improve your overall health and lower your risk for heart disease, some cancers, and hypertension.

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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    Some CGMs sample every minute, most sample every five minutes. How much of a difference this actually makes is debatable, but in a fast-moving low, a lot can happen in five minutes.
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    You can calculate sensor cost for your CGM monitor? One good way to compare overall monitor cost is to look at how the sensors compare in cost per day. To calculate the daily cost of your sensor, divide the sensor price by the number of days it’s approved to run.
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    Generally speaking, most CGM system manuals and user guides are simply awful. They tend to suffer from being written by engineers and legal departments, not by diabetics who have actually used them. On the bright side, none of these manuals is intended as light bedtime reading.

    Manufacturers’ manuals are more like dictionaries—reference guide books to look up the spelling of a rarely used or obscure word. However, you can generally find PDF versions of the user’s manuals and quick start guides on the web. It is a great way to get a feel for the various devices you are considering.
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    For many people with diabetes, food is the biggest struggle. The millions of us who have ever tried a “diet” know how hard it is to change how we eat. Diabetes is filled with food myths. Most people need help knowing what’s true and what’s not about diabetes and food. Your time and money will be well spent if you decide to get some education from a registered dietitian or a certified diabetes educator.

    See All 5 Answers
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    All CGM systems have software. Some include it as part of the package, others make you buy it. Some are desktop based. Some are web-based. Big differences come into play when you look at data filtering options.

    • Can you look just at Sundays for the last three months?
    • Can you just look at lows? 
    • Can you display your day from 6 a.m. instead of from midnight? 
    • How is the sensor data displayed?
    • Do you get nice smooth lines, or plots of crazy dots, squares, and triangles?

    Do you use a Mac? Mac users are generally screwed when it comes to medical device software. If you use a Mac you’ll probably want a web-based software, just make sure there is a way for you to get your data to the web from your system.

    Also, consider download type. Cable, infrared, RF, or Blue Tooth. What are your options? What will be easiest for you? What will work best with your computer system?
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    Transmitters range in size and shape from a pack chewing gum to a flattened thimble. Some are smooth and sleek, and others have sharp edges.

    It’s not how big it is, it’s how you use it, right? The transmitter is only part of the story when it comes to how much of your skin a CGM site will take up. The transmitter needs a way to connect to the sensor, and a way to stay stuck to your skin. Solutions can range from complicated plastic foundations to sticky-pads. Sometimes smaller transmitters actually take up greater area of skin landscape.
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    You should know the following about transmitter range before buying a CGM monitor:

    How far apart can the transmitter and monitor be before your system suffers separation anxiety?

    If they get too far apart, will the transmitter store the “lost” data? Bear in mind that telemetry range data is calculated based on naked people in empty warehouses.

    You’ll almost never get the kind of range the makers brag about.
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    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    Transmitters either use those “button” batteries, rechargeable batteries, or are a sealed battery/transmitter package guaranteed to last a certain time period. This last style requires you to buy a new one when it runs out of juice, generally every year. And of course, if the maker decides to stop manufacturing the sealed transmitters in the future, you will be forced to upgrade and your monitor will become an expensive paperweight.