Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    It is important to read the entire instructional document included with your glucose monitor kit before attempting a test. Your glucose monitor kit will most likely come with lancets and test strips. Before beginning, you should thoroughly wash your hands and clean the area where a blood sample will be taken. Any substance on the test area, including juice or food, can affect your results. You will then use a new lancet to prick your fingertip and cause a small drop of blood to surface. Some glucose monitor kits are designed to be used on other locations such as your forearm, upper arm, thumb, thigh, or calf. The drop of blood is then placed on a test strip and inserted into your glucose monitor device. These test strips are previously treated with a solution that reacts with the glucose in your blood. Glucose monitors then analyze this sample by either measuring the amount of electricity that travels through the strip or the amount of light that is reflected off the strip. A digital display will show your results measured in milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood (mg/dL). Always manually record your results even if your monitor keeps a digital log. When finished, be sure to carefully dispose of your lancets and test strips so no one else comes into contact with them.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    The reading on your glucose monitor kit is the amount of sugar in your blood. These results are measured in milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood (mg/dL). Your doctor can tell you what range your personal readings should fall in. However, after eight hours of fasting, a typical diabetic person’s ideal reading should fall between 90 and 130 mg/dL. If you test before meals, your blood sugar level should be between 70 and 130 mg/dL. You reading should be no more than 180 mg/dL if you test an hour or two after eating.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Glucose test strips should be used for checking your blood glucose level if you have diabetes. With this information, you will be able to proactively maintain your blood sugar in the target range suggested by your medical professional. You can use glucose test strips with your monitoring device at home, at work, and when you travel.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Glucose monitor kits are electronic devices used to check the amount of glucose in your blood. They are designed so that you can easily check your own glucose level without professional assistance. Glucose is blood sugar that your body uses to produce energy. Your body usually regulates the amount of glucose in your blood. However, diabetic people have trouble regulating their blood sugar and have either too much or too little in their bodies. Using a glucose monitor kit allows you to see exactly how much blood sugar is currently in your body. Therefore, you will be able to track how different foods, exercise, and your treatment affect your glucose level. You can quickly find out if your blood sugar is dangerously low or high.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered

    Requirements for how glucose test strips are used will vary with monitoring devices. Check the instructions for using glucose test strips with the make and model of the monitoring device that you use. The general method for use is that a glucose test strip is placed into the monitoring device. Then you use a special needle to pierce your finger and put a drop of blood onto the glucose test strip. The strip contains chemicals that will react with the glucose in your blood; when the strip is inserted into the meter, the device can "read" the chemical reaction and provide you with a measurement of your blood sugar levels. After you get a test result, the glucose test strip is removed from the monitoring device and disposed of.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism, answered
    Blood sugar test strips for diabetesu sually come in vials reminiscent of the little plastic tubs 35mm film used to come in. It is important that you keep the strips in the little tub and keep the cotton-pickin’ lid shut except to get a strip out. This is important because the vial is more than packaging. It contains a lining that keeps the strips dry and preserved. As one of our patients discovered, if you just throw them into a zip-lock bag for convenience, the strips will get funky on you and give you crazy readings.
  • 2 Answers
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Your diabetic meter runs a performance check each time you turn it on, and displays an error code if a problem is detected. These error codes are listed in your owner’s manual. In addition, you should periodically test your meter’s performance with a liquid control solution, particularly when you start a new package of test strips or when you get an unusual result. It’s also a good idea to take your meter with you when you see the doctor and compare it against the one in the laboratory. If the results match, your diabetic meter is working properly.
    See All 2 Answers
  • 2 Answers
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Diabetic lancets are used to puncture the skin to get a blood sample that you test to determine how much glucose is in your blood. They are usually made of sharp steel encased in hard plastic and come in various gauges. A higher gauge produces a smaller puncture and may be less painful. With some lancets you prick yourself, but others are spring-loaded and pierce your skin without any help from you. Once your skin is punctured, you gently kneed the area to coax a drop of blood to the surface.
    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Diabetic lancets are an important part of diabetic testing to help your doctor monitor how well you are managing the condition. If you are too squeamish to prick yourself or have a very low tolerance to pain, your doctor will suggest an alternative.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Pharmacy, answered
    If you have diabetes, your doctor will likely recommend the type of meter best for you. Ask your doctor to show you how to use the meter, as well as to advise you how to interpret and respond to the results.