Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

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    A answered

    The best bread to eat would be whole grain.  Look at the number of fiber grams in the ingredients and try to pick a loaf that contains 3 grams of fiber per slice of bread.  Also, pick a brand that does not contain high fructose corn syrup.

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    Thanksgiving can be a time of great anxiety for people with diabetes because it is so focused on food. Don't let questions about what to eat, how much to eat, and meal timing dampen your holiday. Plan in advance, so you can fully enjoy the day and keep your diabetes management on track.

    Think about the timing of your meal. Many families eat large meals at odd times on holidays. For example, Thanksgiving dinner may be served in the middle of the afternoon. Plan in advance for how you will handle making changes if your meal does not line up with your regular meal plan and schedule.

    If you take insulin injections or a pill that lowers blood glucose, you may need to have a snack at your normal meal time to prevent a low blood glucose reaction. Check with your health care team about this.

    Be physically active! The best way to compensate for eating a little more than usual is to be active. Start a new tradition that involves moving around away from the food. Ideas include taking a walk with the whole family or playing Frisbee, soccer, or touch football with your children, grandchildren, or the neighborhood kids.

    Have foods to nibble on while you are cooking or waiting to eat. Make sure the foods you choose won't sabotage blood glucose levels before the meal.

    Make selective food choices. Many traditional Thanksgiving foods are high in carbohydrates: mashed potatoes, sweet potatoes, stuffing, dinner rolls, cranberry sauce, pumpkin pie, and other desserts. Don't feel like you have to sample everything on the table.

    Have a reasonable portion of your favorites and pass on the rest. If you really want to try everything, make your portions smaller. Overall, try to keep your total carbohydrate intake like a regular day.

    Eat your vegetables. Vegetables are important for everyone! Unfortunately, the vegetable selection on holiday menus is usually limited. Veggies come in all colors and are very nutritious. Offer to bring a green salad or a side of steamed veggies that have been seasoned. Non-starchy veggies are low in carbs and calories. They will help fill you up and keep you from overeating other high-calorie and high-fat foods on the table.
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    dLife - mushroom bisque soup
    This hearty, healthy soup is low in carbs -- but full of flavor, thanks to a variety of mushrooms.

    Click below to watch chef Michel Nischan prepare this recipe.



    Mushroom Bisque

    Ingredients

    1 tbsp grapeseed oil
    1 cup fresh chopped onion
    1 cup chopped leeks
    2 large garlic cloves, minced
    1-3/4 lb assorted mushrooms, cleaned and sliced (button, shiitake, portobello, cremini)
    8 cup low sodium vegetable broth
    1 tsp fresh thyme (or 1/4 tsp dried)
    1 cup evaporated milk
    1 pinch salt (optional)
    1 pinch black pepper , freshly ground
    1 tbsp chopped parsley (for garnish)

    Directions

    1. Place 6-quart pot over medium heat. Add grapeseed oil.
    2. Add onion and leek. Sauté 2 minutes. Add garlic, cook until vegetables are limp, about another 3 minutes.
    3. Raise heat to medium-high. Add mushrooms and continue to sauté, stirring occasionally, until mushrooms are tender and reduced by one-third, about 12 minutes.
    4. Stir in broth and thyme. Reduce heat and simmer, partially covered, for 20 minutes.
    5. In batches, purée in food processor or blender. Return to pot and stir in evaporated milk. Season with salt, if desired, and pepper. Heat through, but do not allow mixture to boil.
    6. Serve in small soup bowls. If desired, sprinkle each serving with chopped parsley.

    Makes 10 servings

    Amount Per Serving
    Note: Optional items are not included in nutritional facts.

    Calories 94.5
    Total Carbs 10.6 g
    Dietary Fiber 0.9 g
    Sugars 6.1 g
    Total Fat 3.3 g
    Saturated Fat 1.3 g
    Unsaturated Fat 2 g
    Potassium 426.1 mg
    Protein 3.3 g
    Sodium 143.3 mg
     
  • 1 Answer
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    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of
    Deficiencies in the minerals chromium and magnesium as well as potassium and possibly zinc may worsen your blood sugar control. You may have heard that supplementing with chromium or magnesium will improve your condition, but at this point the American Diabetes Association does not recommend supplementing with any of the minerals mentioned above. However, you may need to supplement if tests prove you are deficient. Blood tests can detect if you're low in potassium or magnesium, but it's harder to test for chromium and zinc.
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    Everyone is different, so you just have to test to see how cereal affects your blood glucose levels. Some people say they have to give up cereal altogether because it spikes their blood sugar. Oatmeal (old-fashioned or steel cut) is a good alternative.