Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

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    It's obvious that low-fat yogurt has had fat removed, and that seems like a good choice if you have diabetes. While low-fat yogurt has a (small) positive impact on calorie count, it's not so great for your blood sugar. Manufacturers compensate for that loss of fat by adding stabilizers, thickeners, and sugars that can have a detrimental impact on blood glucose. A better approach is to skip the fruit-flavored yogurt and choose plain yogurt sweetened with real, whole fruit.

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    Turkey is a great addition to your diet. White turkey meat (without skin) is low in fat and high in protein. It is a good source of iron, zinc, phosphorus, potassium and B vitamins. Following are turkey preparation tips:
    • Thawing a frozen turkey. There are a few ways to do this: in the refrigerator, in the microwave or in cold water. Never thaw turkey at room temperature.
    • Roasting is a good method for cooking. Avoid frying your turkey or adding extra fat during cooking.
    • For safety reasons, stuffing your turkey is not recommended. You can still make your own stuffing in a casserole dish though. If you decide to stuff it anyways, fill the turkey loosely just before you place it in the oven. Do not over-stuff. The stuffing must be cooked to a minimum temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit to be safe.
    • Use a shallow pan to roast your turkey to perfection. Heat your oven to no less than 325 degrees Fahrenheit. Insert a meat thermometer into the innermost part of the thigh and wing of the bird. You will also want to check the temperature of the thickest part of the breast. The thermometer should read at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit in all of these places for it to be done and safe to eat.
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    Yes! Grapes contain carbohydrate, as all fruits do, and carbs raise blood sugar, but the red skins on grapes have other great heart-healthy benefits, just like red wine does. Just be sure you watch portion size and test your blood sugar after eating. Also, combine them with a protein food like cheese to help moderate the impact on your blood glucose levels.
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    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of

    A balanced diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low fat dairy will keep your blood glucose in check and will prevent acute and chronic complications, such as nerve and kidney damage, as well as heart disease. Moreover, these nutrient dense foods (foods with more vitamins, minerals, and fiber and less calories) have additional health benefits including better weight management and prevention of certain types of cancer.

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    Fast food restaurants have more healthy options than ever. There are many side items that feature vegetables and fruits such as salads, apple slices, and carrots. These are some of the obvious healthy foods that you can choose. Order these options as often as possible instead of French fries or onion rings.

    Some establishments dedicate a section of their menu to healthier options. For example, Taco Bell offers their Drive-Thru Diet menu and Dunkin Donuts has their DDSMART menu. Remember, these menu items are usually better choices than what is on the rest of the menu, but you still need to consider portion size, calories, carbohydrates, fat, and sodium.
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    A , Pharmacy, answered
    Nutrition management plays a critical role when it comes diabetes -- the inability to efficiently process glucose. Although many people with diabetes take medications to help control their blood sugar, nutrition therapy can help prevent diabetes, treat an existing diabetes, and prevent further complications of the diabetes. When combined with behavioral therapy to promote healthy eating habits, nutrition therapy helps people with diabetes control their blood sugar (glycemic) levels and maintain a healthy weight. Learning how to control these factors is essential in preventing complications associated with diabetes.
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    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of
    It is absolutely safe to eat soy foods if you have diabetes. Soy foods can be used in the diet as a protein and carbohydrate source. Soy is a heart healthy food which is an additional benefit for people with diabetes since there risk for heart disease is 2-4 times more someone without diabetes. In fact, there is a study that found when soy foods replaced high saturated fat foods like red meat, cholesterol and inflammation were decreased and insulin sensitivity was increased. Check the nutrition facts label of the various soy foods so you know how to fit it into your meal plan. Some soy foods will contain more carbohydrate than others, but all of these foods can fit into a healthy diabetes meal plan.
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    If you have type 2 diabetes, what you eat, how much you eat, and when you eat all affect your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Ask to see a dietitian who knows about diabetes. Together, you'll design a meal plan that can help you reach your goals and include your favorite foods. A few tips to get you started include:

    - Choose dairy products like low-fat or fat-free milk, yogurt and cheese.
    - Choose lean meats and chicken without the skin.
    - Eat fish 2-3 times per week.
    - Eat vegetables and fruit every day.
    - Choose whole grain breads, cereals and pasta.
    - Choose foods with less salt.
    - If you are trying to lose weight, cut back on your portion sizes.

    Below are examples of ways to change your meals:

    - For lunch, choose a grilled chicken breast sandwich and a side salad instead of chicken fingers with French fries.
    - For breakfast, choose whole wheat toast with light margarine or butter instead of a bagel with regular margarine or butter.
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    The American Diabetes Association recommends that people with diabetes avoid drinking sugar-containing beverages such as soda because it will raise blood glucose quickly and add several hundreds of calories in one serving. If you feel the need to drink soda, they recommend diet soda because it contains zero carbohydrates and will not raise blood glucose levels. They also recommend drinking calorie-free or very low-calorie beverages. This includes water, unsweetened teas, coffee, and diet soda. There are other options too, such as low-calorie drinks and drink mixes which can be found in most grocery stores. You can also try flavoring your water with a squeeze of lemon or lime juice for a refreshing drink with some flavor.

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    dLife - turkey meatloaf
    This updated meatloaf recipe uses lean ground turkey instead of ground beef. Sautéed onions, leeks, garlic, and red wine boost this low-carb meatloaf's flavor -- and a secret ingredient keeps it moist.

    Click below to watch chef Michel Nischan mix up this low-carb meatloaf.





    Low Carb Meat Loaf

    Ingredients

    Sauce
    1 tbsp grapeseed oil (or olive oil)
    1 fresh leek, thinly sliced
    1 small onion, peeled and chopped
    3 medium garlic cloves, peeled and finely minced
    6 oz tomato sauce
    1/2 cup dry red wine
    1/2 cup low sodium chicken broth
    2 tsp fresh basil, chopped
    1 tsp oregano leaves, choppped
    1 pinch salt, or sea salt (to taste)
    1 tbsp light spelt flour (or any whole grain flour)

    Meatloaf
    1 lb ground turkey
    1 tbsp light spelt flour
    1 egg, lightly beaten
    2 egg whites, lightly beaten
    1/2 cup chopped zucchini, peeled and grated
    1 pinch kosher salt
    1 pinch ground black pepper

    Directions

    1. Preheat oven to 350°F.
    2. Coat large skillet with grapeseed oil. Heat over medium. Add leek, onion, and garlic. Sauté until just golden brown. Add flour, stir and cook for 2 minutes.
    3. Add wine, chicken broth, tomato sauce, basil, oregano, flour, and salt to skillet. Bring to boil, reduce heat to low and simmer uncovered for 15 minutes. Set sauce aside.
    4. In large bowl, combine ground turkey, eggs, zucchini, and flour. Mix well. Add 1/4 cup sauce, and stir in gently. Grease or line 4" x 8" loaf pan. Form meatloaf into pan. Cover with foil. Bake for 30 to 40 minutes. Discard any drippings.
    5. Heat remaining sauce and serve with meatloaf.

    Additional Information
    For a classic dinner combo, serve with Green Beans Amandine. 

    Makes 8 servings

    Amount Per Serving

    Calories 167.9
    Total Carbs 6.4 g
    Dietary Fiber 1 g
    Sugars 2.3 g
    Total Fat 8.7 g
    Saturated Fat 2.1 g
    Unsaturated Fat 6.6 g
    Potassium 293.9 mg
    Protein 13 g
    Sodium 292.5 mg