Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

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  • 1 Answer
    The ketogenic diet is basically a diet that is high in fat and low in carbohydrates. Research on eating this way, especially long-term, is scarce, but no adverse health effects have been consistently shown. There is much contradictory data about this type of diet. The amount of carbohydrate best for your metabolism is an individual matter, and the only real way to know what's best is to monitor yourself.
  • 1 Answer
    When you have diabetes, including sweets in your diet requires careful planning. However, it can be hard to just save sweets for special occasions. Foods and drinks that use artificial sweeteners are an option that may help curb your cravings for something sweet. Sometimes artificial sweeteners are also called low-calorie sweeteners, sugar substitutes, or non-nutritive sweeteners. They can be used to sweeten food and drinks for less calories and carbohydrate when they replace sugar.

    However, many foods containing artificial sweeteners still have calories and carbs, so be sure to check the nutrition facts label. Their sweetening power is at least 100 times more intense than regular sugar, so only a small amount is needed when you use these sugar substitutes.

    Also, with the exception of aspartame, all of the sweeteners cannot be broken down by the body. They pass through our systems without being digested so they provide no extra calories.
  • 2 Answers
    It is okay to eat anything as long as you don't eat too much and you know how much you're eating, so you can make adjustments to keep your blood glucose close to normal. More and more candy and sweets have labels with a nutritional analysis, including the amount of carbohydrate and fat, so it is easier to know how much you are eating. When you know that, you can compensate by eating less of something else, exercising, or taking more insulin (if this is an option).
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  • 1 Answer
    dLife - nutty chocolate meltaways
    Chocolate is rich in antioxidants and flavor. This delicious truffle recipe uses two kinds of dark chocolate, along with nuts and coconut, for a decadent dessert that’s perfect for people with diabetes. One or two of these treats will satisfy your chocolate craving.

    Click below to watch chef Michel Nischan craft these tasty truffles.

    Nutty Chocolate Meltaways


    6 oz semi sweet chocolate chips
    2 tbsp agave nectar
    1-3/4 cup chopped hazelnuts , fine, skin removed (divided)
    6 oz dark chocolate bar, 70% to 85% cacao, shaved or small chunks
    12 oz heavy whipping cream
    1-3/4 cup flaked unsweetened coconut (divided)


    1.  Add 1 cup water to bottom of double boiler. Replace top pan. Bring water to boil over high and reduce heat to medium.
    2. Combine chocolate and heavy cream in top pan of double boiler. Heat 5 minutes, stirring constantly until chocolate is melted and cream mixed in.
    3. Add agave nectar, 1 cup of hazelnuts, and 1 cup of coconut. Stir until well mixed.
    4. Remove from heat and lift top pan out of water. Allow mixture to come to room temperature. Cover and refrigerate for 1 to 2 hours, until chocolate mixture is solid but pliable.
    5. Line 2 baking sheets with parchment paper.
    6. Using small ice cream scooper or melon baller, scoop chocolate balls (about 1" diameter) and roll into smooth balls with hands. Place onto baking sheets.
    7. In small shallow bowl, combine remaining coconut and hazelnuts. Roll each truffle to coat completely, and replace on baking sheet. Cover with plastic wrap, and place in freezer for 3 to 4 hours.
    8. Store truffles in airtight container in refrigerator for up to 1 week or in freezer for up to 1 month.

    Makes 50 servings

    Amount Per Serving

    Calories 91.8
    Total Carbs 5.9 g
    Dietary Fiber 1.1 g
    Sugars 1.8 g
    Total Fat 7.2 g
    Saturated Fat 3.6 g
    Unsaturated Fat 3.6 g
    Potassium 28.1 mg
    Protein 1.3 g
    Sodium 2 mg
  • 2 Answers
    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of

    For someone with diabetes, the focus is on total carbohydrate from food sources. A typical fruit serving of ½ cup of juice, ¼ cup dried fruit, 1 medium piece of fresh fruit or ½ cup canned fruit packed in its own juice will provide about 15 grams of carbohydrate.

    Someone with diabetes should make sure if consuming canned fruit that they use fruit packed in its own juice in order to get more food for the carbohydrate content. Generally ½ cup of canned fruit in its own juice will be 15 grams of carbohydrate.

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  • 1 Answer

    Just make sure to account for it in your overall daily nutrition. Always carry snacks with you. You never know when you might get stuck in traffic or delayed at work and start to go low.

    If you plan to go out for brunch, eat an early-morning snack. Then, use your lunchtime meal plan and what is left of your usual breakfast plan. If dinner is going to be very late, have your bedtime snack at your normal dinnertime.

    If you take insulin and can’t change the timing of your insulin dose, eat a piece of fruit or a starchy low-fat snack. You may need to adjust your insulin later to account for these changes, so ask your health care team how to do this.

  • 1 Answer
    You’ll want to eat your Brussels sprouts when they're paired with hazelnuts and a hint of cardamom. Nutrient-rich Brussels sprouts are high in antioxidant vitamins C and K and are a good source of dietary fiber -- so they're an excellent choice for people with diabetes.

    Hazelnut Brussels Sprouts


    1 lb fresh Brussels sprouts, washed, stems and loose leaves trimmed
    3 tsp extra virgin olive oil, divided
    2 tbsp chopped hazelnuts, toasted
    1/8 tsp ground cardamom
    4 cups tap water
    1/8 tsp salt (optional)


    1. Cut Brussels sprouts in half lengthwise.
    2. In large saucepan, add water and salt. Bring to boil. Add sprouts. When water returns to boil, remove to colander to drain.
    3. In large skillet, heat 1 teaspoon oil over medium high. Place half of sprouts, cut side down, in pan. Cook 5 minutes until golden brown. Remove to serving dish.
    4. Return skillet to heat. Add 1 teaspoon oil. Place remaining sprouts, cut side down, in pan. Cook 5 minutes until golden brown. Remove to serving dish.
    5. Toss with 1 teaspoon olive oil, nuts, and cardamom. Serve.

    Additional Information
    Almonds or walnuts can be substituted for hazelnuts.

    Makes 4 servings

    Calories 108.6
    Total Carbs 8.8 g
    Dietary Fiber 4.4 g
    Sugars 2.9 g
    Total Fat 6.4 g
    Saturated Fat 0.7 g
    Unsaturated Fat 5.7 g
    Potassium 27.2 mg
    Protein 3.3 g
    Sodium 40.9 mg
  • 1 Answer
    In most cases, the answer is no. Peanut butter is a wonder food and should be eaten in its most natural form to get all of its goodness. Yes, it's high in calories, but it contains healthy, beneficial oils. It's also satisfying and filling so you don't need much.
  • 1 Answer
    Researchers have recently discovered new compounds in pure maple syrup that possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These properties have been shown to benefit people with cancer, diabetes and bacterial illnesses. While the preliminary study of the antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds appears promising, the study did not say that maple syrup should be used as treatment for diabetes.

    Maple syrup is tasty and is sweeter than regular table sugar. One tablespoon of maple syrup contains 13.4 grams of carbohydrate! When used in moderation with carbohydrate counting, small amounts of maple syrup can be safely incorporated into a healthy meal plan. Fingersticks will tell you how your blood glucose responds to the addition of maple syrup or any other food in your meal plan.
  • 1 Answer
    Kabobs make for a fun, easy dinner idea. This recipe calls for pork, which can be a great protein alternative to chicken. Mushrooms add even more meaty flavor, making this low-carb meal a satisfying entrée for people with diabetes.

    Pork Mushroom Kabobs


    1 lb pork tenderloin
    8 oz fresh mushrooms
    1 medium onion, cut into 8 wedges
    cooking spray
    1/3 cup red wine vinegar salad dressing


    1. Preheat grill to medium.
    2. Trim excess fat and skin from pork. Cut into 1-1/2" cubes.
    3. Thread meat and vegetables on five 12-inch skewers, leaving some space between each.
    4. Coat grill grate with cooking spray.
    5. Place kabobs on grill and cook 12 to 14 minutes, turning occasionally, and brushing with dressing until cooked through.

    Additional Information
    If using wooden skewers, soak in water for 20 minutes before using.

    Makes 5 servings

    Calories 152.2
    Total Carbs 8 g
    Dietary Fiber 1 g
    Sugars 6.2 g
    Total Fat 2.4 g
    Saturated Fat 0.7 g
    Unsaturated Fat 1.7 g
    Potassium 560.9 mg
    Protein 23.1 g
    Sodium 289 mg