What medicine should be taken for diabetes?

Dr. Elif E. Oker, MD
Medical Toxicology
There are a number of medications that are used to treat diabetes. The only way to know how to treat your diabetes or which medicine is best for you is to consult your doctor.
Diabetics are unable to properly maintain blood glucose ("sugar") levels because they either lack enough insulin or are resistant to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to regulate blood sugar.
It is helpful, to understand the types of medications available to treat diabetes. 
Diabetes medications are designed to regulate blood glucose to normal or near normal levels and include oral hypoglycemic and insulin. Oral hypoglycemic are pills while insulin is injected or delivered by an insulin pump. Some people take only oral medication, others only insulin and others take a combination of the two. Like all medications, medications used to treat diabetes have side effects.
If you have or suspect you have diabetes it is important to be seen with your doctor. He/She will develop a treatment program unique to you. This may include a combination of diet and exercise, monitoring of your blood glucose levels and possibly medication.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.