What is an Individualized Health Plan (IHP) for a child with diabetes?

The Individualized Health Plan (IHP) is developed as a result of a cooperative effort between the family, health care providers and school personnel. The IHP should be based on an individualized, prescribed plan from the student's personal health care team, sometimes called a Diabetes Medical Management Plan or DMMP. Many schools have their own IHP forms that are completed by the nurse.

The IHP should address how diabetes medical management for an individual child will be implemented in the school, including details about the who, what, when, where, and how of blood-glucose testing, insulin dosing, monitoring food intake and physical activity. It should also list the student's typical symptoms and prescribed treatment for both hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) and hypoglycemia (low blood glucose).

Some schools create and distribute a brief form of the IHP to all staff that primarily focuses on recognition and treatment of highs and lows.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.