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What is the Edmonton Protocol for type 1 diabetes?

Scientists at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, have used a procedure called the Edmonton Protocol to treat patients with type 1 diabetes.

In this procedure, researchers use specialized enzymes to remove islets from the pancreas of a deceased donor. For an average-size person (70 kg), a typical transplant requires about 1 million islets, equal to two donor organs. Because the islets are extremely fragile, transplantation occurs immediately after they are removed.

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