What should my diabetes treatment goals be?


The goal of treating type 1 diabetes is to keep your blood glucose levels in the normal range. Your doctor will tell you the correct range for you.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends the following treatment goals (your goals may differ, depending on your health history):

  • Hemoglobin A1c: Less than 7 percent
  • Blood sugar before a meal (preprandial plasma glucose): 70-130 mg/dL
  • Blood sugar 1 to 2 hours after a meal (postprandial plasma glucose): Less than 180 mg/dL
  • Blood pressure: Lower than 130/80 mm Hg
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol: Less than 100 mg/dL
  • HDL (good) cholesterol: Over 40 mg/dL for men; over 50 mg/dL for women
  • Triglycerides: Less than 150 mg/dL

With regular monitoring every 2 to 3 months, you and your doctor can check whether your treatment plan is helping you meet these goals and can make adjustments as needed.

Good diabetes care should also include steps to maintain oral/dental health, eye health, kidney health, mental health, and foot health through self-care, regular checkups, and, when necessary, appropriate treatment.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.