What should my diabetes treatment goals be?

The goal of treating type 1 diabetes is to keep your blood glucose levels in the normal range. Your doctor will tell you the correct range for you.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends the following treatment goals (your goals may differ, depending on your health history):

  • Hemoglobin A1c: Less than 7 percent
  • Blood sugar before a meal (preprandial plasma glucose): 70-130 mg/dL
  • Blood sugar 1 to 2 hours after a meal (postprandial plasma glucose): Less than 180 mg/dL
  • Blood pressure: Lower than 130/80 mm Hg
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol: Less than 100 mg/dL
  • HDL (good) cholesterol: Over 40 mg/dL for men; over 50 mg/dL for women
  • Triglycerides: Less than 150 mg/dL

With regular monitoring every 2 to 3 months, you and your doctor can check whether your treatment plan is helping you meet these goals and can make adjustments as needed.

Good diabetes care should also include steps to maintain oral/dental health, eye health, kidney health, mental health, and foot health through self-care, regular checkups, and, when necessary, appropriate treatment.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.