What artificial sweeteners are safe for people with diabetes?

People who cannot tolerate artificial sweeteners might be able to handle stevia, which is a natural sweetener derived from a plant. What's more, small amounts of regular sugar, honey, or other natural-occurring calorie-containing sweeteners can be carefully incorporated into the diabetes meal plan. Just be sure that you count the carbohydrate content.
Amy Campbell
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism

In addition to aspartame, sucralose, saccharin, acesulfame-K and neotame (which is not yet available as a tabletop sweetener), stevioside (also known as rebiana or rebaudioside-A) is the newest sweetener to gain FDA approval. This sweetener is stevia leaf extract, not stevia, which is often sold in health food stores and which does not have FDA approval. You can use stevioside as a tabletop sweetener and also in cooking and baking.

The following are the five artificial sweeteners that have been tested and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA):
  • acesulfame potassium (also called acesulfame K)
  • aspartame
  • saccharin
  • sucralose
  • neotame
These sweeteners are used by food companies to make diet drinks, baked goods, frozen desserts, candy, light yogurt, and chewing gum. You can buy them to use as table top sweeteners. Add them to coffee, tea, or sprinkle them on top of fruit. Some are also available in "granular" versions which can be used in cooking and baking.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.