How is type 1 diabetes treated in young children?

Management of type 1 diabetes calls for directly injecting insulin under the skin anywhere between 1 and 4 times a day. Daily exercise and diet are important in order to maintain blood sugar levels and a normal weight when controlling both types of diabetes. However, since type 2 is strongly tied to overweight and inactivity, a change in lifestyle -- weight, diet, exercise -- is the most effective way to manage it. A child with this condition should be taught how to recognize low blood sugar, and what to do about it. If insulin injections are necessary, they should be taught how to administer it to themselves.

From Good Kids, Bad Habits: The RealAge Guide to Raising Healthy Children by Jennifer Trachtenberg.
Good Kids, Bad Habits: The RealAge Guide to Raising Healthy Children

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Good Kids, Bad Habits: The RealAge Guide to Raising Healthy Children

When kids start going on TV binges or devouring fistfuls of cookies, it's easy to say, "They'll grow out of it." More likely, they're acquiring bad habits that could lead to childhood obesity and...
William Lee Dubois
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
Insulin is the one and only way to treat Type-1 Diabetes, regardless of age, because those of us with T-1 don’t produce any insulin ourselves. Without insulin from outside, T-1 is fatal.

When it comes to young children, although the medication is the same, we do look at specialized delivery options. We do this simply because young children are small ecosystems. A little bit of insulin will go along way when the patient weights 32 pounds!

Insulin syringes are made is sizes as small as 30 units total volume, which can make it easier to estimate the smaller doses children require. Additionally, two companies make ½ unit insulin pens for children; and we also have the option of insulin pumps which can deliver very small percentages of a unit of insulin for fine tuning.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.