Diabetes
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Diabetes Awareness

Don't resign yourself to a future with diabetes. Test your knowledge on ways to reduce your diabetes risk.

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Diabetes Awareness
Diabetes Awareness
Question 1 of 20 Correct

Which of these characterizes diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Diabetes mellitus, often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels, which result from the body's inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps your body use sugar from food for energy.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 2 of 20 Correct

Which type of diabetes is also known as "juvenile diabetes"?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Type I diabetes is sometimes called "juvenile diabetes" because the disease often begins in childhood. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body quits making insulin, the hormone necessary to metabolize sugar in your food and to regulate glucose levels in your blood.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 3 of 20 Correct

Which type of diabetes is also known as "adult-onset diabetes"?

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The correct answer is: Type 2 diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes, usually develops after age thirty. "Adult-onset" is still a common name, even though an increasing number of children and adolescents are getting type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 4 of 20 Correct

Experts predict that how many children in the U.S. will develop diabetes?

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The correct answer is: It's estimated that nearly one half of all children born in the United States today will get diabetes sometime in their lives.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or false: Pre-diabetes is when blood sugar levels aren't quite high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes, but they are still higher than normal.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Pre-diabetes is when the glucose (blood sugar) levels aren't quite high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes, but they are still higher than normal.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 6 of 20 Correct

How many Americans are pre-diabetic?

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The correct answer is: Roughly 79 million Americans over age 20 have prediabetes, but most do not know they are at risk for diabetes.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 7 of 20 Correct

True or false: Prediabetes has no symptoms.

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The correct answer is: This is true. Prediabetes has no symptoms. It can only be diagnosed with a blood glucose test.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 8 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a risk factor for prediabetes?

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The correct answer is: All of the above. People who are overweight or physically inactive are at risk for prediabetes. Other things that increase your risk include: Having a family history of diabetes; having high cholesterol; being of African-American, Asian-American, Hispanic, Native American, or Pacific Islander ethnicity; having a history of gestational diabetes; having Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS); and having metabolic syndrome.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 9 of 20 Correct

What is the best way to prevent prediabetes from progressing to diabetes?

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The correct answer is: The best way to prevent the progression of pre-diabetes is with diet and exercise. Move more, and decrease the carbohydrates, simple sugars and fat in your diet.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a symptom of type 2 diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include fatigue or irritability, frequent urination, slow healing of cuts or bruises, extreme thirst and hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and frequent infections. Still, some people have no symptoms. And in many cases, these symptoms go ignored or are attributed to other conditions.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 11 of 20 Correct

True or false: Type 2 diabetes accounts for 75 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Type 2 diabetes is more common than that--type 2 diabetes may account for 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which of these statements is true for people with type 2 diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Type 2 diabetes usually begins as insulin resistance, in which the body does not use insulin effectively. Eventually, the pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 13 of 20 Correct

What complications may eventually arise from long-term type 2 diabetes?

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The correct answer is: After 10 to 20 years with diabetes, patients are likely to develop complications, such as vision disorders, kidney damage and peripheral nerve degeneration (neuropathy). Strict control of blood glucose can delay or prevent these complications.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 14 of 20 Correct

True or false: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease.

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The correct answer is: This is true. Most cases of type 1 diabetes result from the immune system attacking and destroying the insulin producing cells of the body--also known as an autoimmune disease.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 15 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a symptom of type 1 diabetes?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Warning signs of type 1 diabetes include increased hunger and thirst, frequent urination, irritability, unexpected weight loss, and weakness and fatigue. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few hours or a few days. Often symptoms are first noticed after an illness, such as the flu.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 16 of 20 Correct

True or false: Type 1 diabetes does not run in families.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. The risk factor for type 1 diabetes is somewhat higher if one of your immediate family members, such as a parent or sibling, has this condition.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 17 of 20 Correct

True or false: All type 1 diabetics will have to use some form of insulin as part of their treatment.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Unlike type 2 diabetes, which can sometimes be treated with proper diet and exercise, all people with type 1 diabetes will need to supplement their body's insulin production with injections or a mechanical pump. However, true treatment for type 1 diabetes includes a balance of insulin, proper diet, exercise and stress management.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 18 of 20 Correct

If you have diabetes, which of these nutrients should you watch as a way of controlling your disease?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Carbohydrates have the biggest effect on your blood glucose of any nutrient. For this reason, you need to "cover your carbs"-- that is, match your insulin intake to your carbohydrate intake.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 19 of 20 Correct

Which of these foods is important as part of a balanced diet for people with diabetes?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A diet that includes grains, beans, fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products and meats is ideal for a person with diabetes. Too many carbohydrates can have a negative impact on your blood glucose levels.

Diabetes Awareness
Question 20 of 20 Correct

Which of these may help you determine your risks for prediabetes or diabetes?

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The correct answer is: Some symptoms of diabetes are easy to ignore or attribute to other conditions. Some people experience very few symptoms. For that reason, it's important to talk with your doctor about your individual risk factors. He or she may recommend a blood sugar test as well as possible other tests to monitor your blood sugar changes. In addition, you can take the Diabetes Risk Test at diabetes.org to find out if your lifestyle and medical history put you at risk.

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Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.
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