How can good nutrition management benefit people with diabetes?

Toby Smithson
Nutrition & Dietetics
Good nutrition management is:
  • consuming a balanced diet with a variety of foods
  • focusing on carbohydrate containing foods for glycemic control
  • consuming foods that are low in saturated and trans fats for heart disease prevention 
People with diabetes are 2-4 times at higher risk for heart disease so following a low saturated and trans fat diet is also key to maintaining good health for people with diabetes. Managing carbohydrates facilitates good blood sugar control, also reducing the risk for heart and other terrible complications.
Working with a registered dietitian, certified diabetes educator will help you with designing a meal plan that is appropriate for your age, height, weight, activity level, and other medical conditions.
Nutrition management plays a critical role when it comes diabetes -- the inability to efficiently process glucose. Although many people with diabetes take medications to help control their blood sugar, nutrition therapy can help prevent diabetes, treat an existing diabetes, and prevent further complications of the diabetes. When combined with behavioral therapy to promote healthy eating habits, nutrition therapy helps people with diabetes control their blood sugar (glycemic) levels and maintain a healthy weight. Learning how to control these factors is essential in preventing complications associated with diabetes.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.