How often should I check my blood glucose levels?

How often should I check my blood glucose levels?

Joseph Schwartz, MD
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
Checking one's blood sugar with a glucose monitor is like seeing how fast a car is going with a speedometer. There are times when not checking can be dangerous. The frequency can depend on the type and degree of the diabetes and whether the medication(s) can cause hypoglycemia, low glucose levels, among other factors.
Tonya Bolden
Alternative & Complementary Medicine
If you have type 2 diabetes, it is wise to test upon rising, two hours after you eat, and before bedtime. That’s about four times per day. If you have type 1, you ought to test more often. There was a young boy on the show dLifeTV who tested his blood sugar twelve times a day every day! When you are active, you ought to test more often, as you are burning more calories and need more fuel.
Half the Mother, Twice the Love: My Journey to Better Health with Diabetes

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Half the Mother, Twice the Love: My Journey to Better Health with Diabetes

As a talk-show host and inspirational speaker, Mother Love used to have to just grin and bear it -- all that extra weight and the poor health that went along with it. Today she can truly smile as she...
How often you monitor your blood glucose is highly individualized. It depends on:
  • Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • Your blood glucose goals
  • How often you’re willing to prick your finger,
  • What supplies you can afford 
How often you monitor also depends on your reasons for checking your blood glucose. The standard times to check your blood glucose if you have diabetes and are looking for patterns in blood glucose behavior are:
  •  before breakfast, lunch, and dinner (or an especially big snack)
  •  before you go to bed
  •  1 to 2 hours after breakfast, lunch, and dinner (or an especially big snack)
  •   at 2 or 3 a.m.
William Lee Dubois
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
Well…. you’ve got ten fingers, right?
OK, relax. I was just teasing. The real answer is never less than two times. That’s because you need to test in pairs (thanks to diabetes educator William Polonsky for coining this term). One test tells you nothing because it has no context. Testing in pairs gives you context.
For example, if I told you that your blood sugar was 372mg/dL, would that be “bad?” Hmmm.... maybe, but not if it was 482 a while ago.
Ah ha. Now you are getting it.
Common pairs are before eating and two hours after eating. The numbers really don’t matter. It's the change in number that matters. If you only test after eating you might think the meal caused you to go too high. And it might have. Or you might have already been too high before the first bite. If you didn’t test, we’ll never know.
Another pair is between bedtime and first thing in the morning. This tells us if you are going up, down, or staying level during your sleep. Before and after exercise is another good pair.
Remember, the numbers themselves are meaningless. You need to look at the changes in numbers. If you are always high or low at the first check there is a problem that needs to be solved, but it has nothing to do with the specific pair.
So how many pairs should you do? As many as your insurance will pay for, of course. The more you test the more you know. The more you know the better you can control your diabetes. The better you control your diabetes the longer, and healthier, and happier your life will be. So if my math is right, the more you test, the happier you will be.
What if your insurance will only pay for one strip per day? Well, you either have to get your wallet out or you have to get creative. If your doc says it is safe for you to do so, test every-other-day, taking your once daily strip and still using it for pairs. If your strips are severely limited you can focus one week on a certain time of day and the next week on a different time or activity.

Continue Learning about Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.