How should I choose bread if I have diabetes?

Toby Smithson
Nutrition & Dietetics

All bread will have carbohydrate but it varies in the amount. Check the nutrition facts label for the total carbohydrate, the grams of fiber, and the fat content. Keep in mind that 15 grams of carbohydrate is equal to one carbohydrate choice or one serving of bread group. If a slice of bread contains 22 grams of carbohydrate you can calculate that you are consuming 1.5 carb choices. Some bread will have a great source of fiber. If there is 5 grams of fiber or more, you will be able to subtract half of the fiber from the total grams of carbohydrate. For example, 1 slice of bread contains 18 grams of carbohydrate and 5 grams of fiber. Eighteen minus 2.5 equals 15 grams of carbohydrate consumed.

The majority of breads on the market have an average of 13 to 15 grams of carbs per serving, which is often one slice. What you want to look for are breads with the highest fiber content per serving. The high fiber will contribute to a full feeling, as well as slow down the release of insulin to facilitate glucose control. Compare brands and labels to find the product with the fewest ingredients, healthiest fats, highest fiber and good carb amount for serving size.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.