With type 1 diabetes, how do I tightly control glucose levels?


If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll be using insulin and other injectable medication to intensively manage your diabetes. You’ll probably be taking more and different types of insulin in intensive diabetes management. Keep in mind that you’ll also need to monitor your blood glucose much more frequently with intensive diabetes management

• You’ll probably want to check your blood glucose often, at least as often as you inject insulin or other injectables and sometimes more.

• You could be monitoring seven times a day depending on how often you eat: before your three meals, after each meal, and before bedtime.

• You may even check at 3 a.m. once or twice a week. For instance, you will not want your blood glucose level to become too low during the night. So if you’ve experienced several severe hypoglycemic episodes, you may want to aim for a higher overnight blood glucose level.

• Every bit of checking gives you more knowledge of how your body reacts to food, exercise, insulin, stress, and illness. Once you’ve settled into a comfortable routine, you may be able to do fewer checks. Remember that monitoring gives you the information you need to make wise decisions in managing your diabetes.

• You may want to wear a continuous glucose monitor that records your glucose level throughout the day and night.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.