How do I choose blood glucose goals if I have diabetes?


There are many factors to consider in setting your personal glucose goals:

  • your age
  • how long you’ve had diabetes
  • the type of diabetes you have
  • frequency and severity of hypoglycemia
  • your lifestyle and occupation
  • other medical conditions
  • how much support you get from family and friends
  • your personal motivation for diabetes self-management

Choosing blood glucose goals can be easy. You can simply use the guidelines supported by the American Diabetes Association (ADA). These recommendations are based on the findings from research about preventing complications:

  • ADA Blood Glucose Goals:
  • Before meals: 70-130 mg/dl
  • Two hours after the first bite of a meal: less than 180 mg/dl

The ADA’s goals may not be easy for you to reach, or they may not be right for you. Talk to your provider to determine the right blood glucose targets for you.

Another option is intensive diabetes management. The idea behind intensive diabetes management is to keep your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible. If you decide that intensive management is for you, you will want to choose blood glucose goals as close to those of people without diabetes as is reasonable and safe for you. It’s a group decision that you, your family and your healthcare team need to make together.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.