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What causes gingivitis with diabetes?

Young individuals with type 1 diabetics are at risk of developing gingivitis at an early age. This first stage of gum disease is caused by a build up of plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums. You are at risk for gum disease with type 1 diabetes because of high levels of blood sugar. Then as plaque forms in the mouth and turns into hardened tartar, your risk for gum disease increases. 

 

Having type 2 diabetes also increases the risk of gingivitis. More serious gum disease is called periodontitis, and needs treatment by your dentist.

To self-manage early stages of gum disease, it's important to brush your teeth regularly—two or three times a day for at least two minutes each time. In addition, floss between the teeth to get rid of plaque and other debris. Rinse your mouth after brushing. If your gums are inflamed, bleeding or sensitive, call your dentist as you may need more aggressive treatment.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.