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How do poor oral care and diabetes lead to periodontitis?

Diabetes can encourage the growth of plaque bacteria in the mouth. Persistently poor removal of plaque bacteria can lead to gingivitis and, if left untreated, periodontitis. Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease that causes the gums to detach from the teeth and the bone supporting the teeth to deteriorate. The teeth can, in turn, loosen and fall out. This condition is heightened by diabetes because, with diabetes, the body is slow to heal and slow to fight infection.

Those who suffer from diabetes are often susceptible to different fungal infections, like thrush. Additionally, those with diabetes may not be able to prevent infection, especially if they take an antibiotic, smoke, or have high blood glucose levels. Fungal infections of the mouth, like thrush, manifest symptoms like red and white patches, swelling, and difficulty swallowing.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.