What types of dental implants are available?

Dental implants come in a variety of shapes, sizes and coatings. The two most popular coatings used are hydroxylapatite (HA) and titanium plasma sprayed (TPS). The concept of the coating is to provide a greater surface area for bone formation onto the implant and to expedite osseointegration.

There are two categories of implant designs:

Subperiosteal, Endosteal

The three most common types of dental implants available today are root-form implants; subperiosteal implants; and mini-implants. All three types are used as teeth replacements.

The most popular implant is the root form, which is a titanium peg that is surgically inserted into the bone with a part of the peg sticking out from the gums to secure a crown or bridge. This root form of dental implant requires that the patient have enough bone to provide a foundation for the implant.

The subperiosteal dental implant is an option when there is little bone left and can only be used in a lower jaw that has no teeth. Mini-implants are typically used for a single tooth, often in the front of the mouth.

Dr. Anthony Sclar
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Although many types of dental implants have been used to replace missing teeth including blade, subperiosteal and staple implants, the majority of implants used for tooth replacement in the modern era of implant dentistry over the past 20 years are root form osseointegrated implants. Amongst root form dental implants, there are significant differences, including implant design, implant surface and tooth connection technologies, amount and speed of bone anchorage achieved, stability of bone to implant anchorage under chewing function, scientific documentation to support the product, company replacement warranties, and cost. There has been a rapid evolution as a result of extensive research and development commitments made by the major implant manufacturers. 

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.