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How is Crohn's disease treated?

Treatments for Crohn's disease are usually given as pills, liquids or injections. Medicines can help reduce the immune system attacks so the gut is less red, sore and swollen. Some medicines stop damage happening to the gut, and others reduce the number of flares. Because each medicine works differently, doctors will decide which one is best for each person with Crohn's disease. It's important to take the medicines exactly the way the doctor instructs.

Another form of treatment for Crohn's disease is called exclusive enteral nutrition, or EEN for short. EEN is a liquid that people take in place of normal food for six to eight weeks. While taking EEN, which gives all the nutrients the body needs, the gut has a chance to recover from flares.

Sometimes, if the bowel is too badly damaged, surgery is the best option. The piece of the gut that is swollen is cut out and the two healthier ends are attached together.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.