Advertisement

What side effects may occur with a hormone-releasing intrauterine device?

Donna Hill Howes, RN
Family Practitioner

Side effects may include headaches, nausea, weight gain, nervousness, depression, high blood pressure, acne, abdominal or back pain, and sinus or upper respiratory infection. Other side effects may include breast pain, a low sex drive, menstrual problems, missed periods, vaginal discharge, vaginitis, or abnormal Pap smears.

A small hole, called a perforation, can occur in the uterus when an IUD is inserted. This is a rare complication that happens in fewer than 1 of every 1,000 insertions. During the first few weeks after IUD insertion, women have a slightly higher risk for pelvic inflammatory disease. Symptoms include fever, vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, painful sex, and unusual bleeding. See your doctor immediately if you have any of these symptoms after having an IUD inserted.

An IUD can slip out of place or fall out. This happens in up to 10% of women within the first year after insertion. The risk is higher for women who have never been pregnant, women under age 20, those who have the device inserted right after childbirth, and those who have heavy or painful periods. Sometimes, the IUD slips without a woman noticing it. If you use an IUD, check the strings regularly to be sure that it is still in place.

This answer was adapted from Sharecare's award-winning AskMD app. Start a consultation now to find out what's causing your symptoms, learn how to manage a condition, or find a doctor.

Continue Learning about Contraceptive

Do any drugs interact with medroxyprogesterone injections?
Donna Hill Howes, RNDonna Hill Howes, RN
The following drugs may cause hormonal birth control methods (including medroxyprogesterone injectio...
More Answers
How does an etonogestrel implant work?
Donna Hill Howes, RNDonna Hill Howes, RN
The etonogestrel implant prevents the release of an egg from the ovary, also called ovulation, for 3...
More Answers
What are medroxyprogesterone injections?
Donna Hill Howes, RNDonna Hill Howes, RN
Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera) is a form of birth control that is given as a shot ...
More Answers
How Do Oral Contraceptives Affect Uterine Fibroids?
How Do Oral Contraceptives Affect Uterine Fibroids?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.