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What are the treatment options for coma?

Once an individual is out of immediate danger, the medical care team focuses on preventing infections and maintaining a healthy physical state. This will often include preventing pneumonia and bedsores, and providing balanced nutrition. Physical therapy may also be used to prevent contractures (permanent muscular contractions) and deformities of the bones, joints, and muscles that would limit recovery for those who emerge from coma.

This answer is based on source information from National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Treatment options for a coma are generally determined by the cause of the coma. For example, if a person with diabetes falls into a coma, intravenous glucose and thiamin will be given. This often reverses the coma. If someone has a tumor or aneurysm, surgery will remove the tumor or aneurysm, but the person may remain in a coma. If a person remains in a coma even after the initial cause is treated, treatment involves taking care to preserve the general health and comfort of the person in a coma. If necessary, feeding and breathing tubes may be inserted to avoid complications from malnutrition or irregular breathing, physical therapy will help keep the muscles healthy, and care will be taken to avoid infections from bedsores or pneumonia.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.