2 AnswersDr. Natalie T. Shum, MD , Emergency Medicine, answered on behalf of West Hills Hospital & Medical Center
2 AnswersYou don't need to go to the emergency room, or ER, for flu symptoms (muscle aches, headache, fever, and chills) unless you are pregnant, elderly, very young (infants and toddlers), or have a condition that weakens your immune system. Regardless of age or health conditions, these individuals are at a higher risk of complications from the influenza virus, and there are medications that can reduce the serious problems of influenza.
1 AnswerHCA Virginia answered
1 AnswerBaptist Health South Florida answeredThe flu is as an upper respiratory disease or infection that is caused by different strains of the influenza virus. Every year 15-40% of people in the U.S. develop the flu. Annually there are about 36,000 deaths and 114,000 hospitalizations due to the flu or complications linked to the flu.
1 AnswerDr. Sampson M. Davis, MD , Emergency Medicine, answered
3 AnswersDr. Elise McCormack-Granja, MD , Internal Medicine, answered on behalf of Baptist Health South FloridaEven if you are otherwise healthy, the flu can lead to hospitalization or death, so it's important to get a flu vaccination. Consider that 5% to 20% of the U.S. population catches the flu.
Everyone over the age of six months should get a flu vaccine. Doing so protects you and those around you. You don’t want to bring the flu into the house and expose those who are at greatest risk to the virus.
1 AnswerFlu may be a threat to your health during flu season, and it is a particular concern for pregnant women who may be at risk for more serious complications from the flu. To help reduce your chances of infection, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends these steps:
- Flu vaccines for all pregnant women in any trimester of pregnancy. In fact, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists along with seven other leading national maternal and infant health organizations say that getting your flu shot is an essential part of prenatal care. If flu vaccines are not offered by your obstetrics practice, they are widely available from multiple sources, such as drugstores and workplaces. Protecting yourself against the flu by getting the flu vaccine while you're pregnant provides protection for your unborn baby as well.
- Wash your hands well and often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Refrain from touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- Avoid close contact with people who could be sick with the flu.
- Ask your healthcare professional about any other specific steps you should take while pregnant.
1 AnswerIf you are pregnant, you should call your healthcare provider immediately if you have flu symptoms to determine if you need to be seen. Don't guess about what's causing your symptoms. Ask your healthcare professional for guidance.
Report any of the following symptoms right away: difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, pain or pressure in your chest or abdomen, sudden dizziness, confusion, severe or persistent vomiting, decreased or no movement of your baby or a high fever that doesn't respond to medication recommended by your healthcare professional.
1 AnswerIt's not unusual for the flu to lead to pneumonia. These cases of pneumonia result when bacteria, viruses and other organisms invade the lungs and cause them to become inflamed. The body's defense mechanisms ordinarily prevent these bacteria from reaching the lungs, but when the defenses are weakened by the flu, severe pneumonia may develop. Bacterial pneumonia symptoms will appear after you start feeling like you're recovering from the flu. A brief period of improvement is followed by the sudden onset of:
- High fever
- Shaking chills
- Chest pain with each breath
- A continuous hacking cough that produces thick, yellow-greenish-colored phlegm, or sputum; or sputum with blood in it
- Extreme weakness and fatigue
1 AnswerVaccination is the first line of defense against the flu. Adults and children over six months of age should have a flu vaccine annually. The flu vaccine helps the body build antibodies that provide you with immunity to the flu. However, the flu vaccine is not 100% effective. If you get vaccinated but still come down with the flu, ask your doctor about prescription antiviral medications. Antivirals attack the virus at the source and can help you feel better faster. It is important to remember that antivirals must be taken within 12 to 48 hours of symptom onset for optimal effectiveness.