What is aortic occlusive disease?

Aortic occlusive disease (PAD and PVD) is the build up of plaque in the aorta and the two branches that lead from the aorta into the legs.

Dr. Brian G. Derubertis, MD
Vascular Surgeon

There are two main types of aortic occlusive disease. One type is vasculitis, which is an inflammatory process that causes blocks in the branches of the aorta. The other type is atherosclerotic disease, which is caused by a buildup of plaque, and is also known as hardening of the arteries.

Atherosclerotic occlusive disease is the primary type of aortic occlusive disease, and this has traditionally been treated with either open bypass surgery or some other type of open surgery to revascularize these branches. Currently, balloons and stents are used in a minimally invasive way to treat this disease.

Continue Learning about Heart and Circulatory System

Take the Stairs to Boost Your Cardio Regimen
Take the Stairs to Boost Your Cardio Regimen
In what some consider the ultimate test of endurance, the Empire State Building Run-Up (ESBRU) covers, from bottom to top, 86 flights of stairs—for a ...
Read More
How do aldosterone blockers treat coronary artery disease?
Donna Hill Howes, RNDonna Hill Howes, RN
Aldosterone blockers reduce the chances of heart attacks and other cardiovascular problems for some ...
More Answers
How is a nuclear stress test performed?
Dr. Anthony L. Kovatch, MDDr. Anthony L. Kovatch, MD
During a nuclear imaging test, you will either exercise on a treadmill to make your heart work harde...
More Answers
How Does a Person Get a Hole in Their Heart?
How Does a Person Get a Hole in Their Heart?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.