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To clear the arteries, we need to increase the function as well as the size of the healthy HDL cholesterol. Help can come in the form of niacin, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin B5, as well as some new-generation fibrate and statin drugs. Meanwhile, the low-grade inflammation occurring in response to LDL cholesterol sounds the alarm that summons your body's reinforcement immune cells called macrophages.
These macrophages eat the LDL cholesterol, becoming engorged with fat and blowing up like marshmallows, then attach to the arterial walls. Pathologists call them foam cells, as they clog the artery walls. An arterial plaque is born.
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