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What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)?

Dawn Marcus
Neurology
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) describes a medical condition that involves severe fatigue lasting at least 6 months that can't be explained by other health problems or depression. People with CFS also complain of typical fibromyalgia symptoms, including pain, sleep problems, and poor concentration or a clouded memory. Chronic fatigue syndrome affects approximately 2% of adults in the United States, Europe, and South America.

Many experts consider feeling sick or exhausted after exercise -- called post-exertional malaise or fatigue -- to be a key feature of CFS. Often these symptoms last for 24 hours or longer after completing exercise. In some cases, post-exercise fatigue may not begin until a day or more after exercise. Criteria adopted in Canada consider fatigue, post-exertional malaise or fatigue, sleep disturbance, and pain to be the key features of CFS. Furthermore, a study published in Rehabilitation Psychology found post-exertional malaise to be the most important factor for identifying people with CFS.
The Woman's Fibromyalgia Toolkit: Manage Your Symptoms and Take Control of Your Life

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The Woman's Fibromyalgia Toolkit: Manage Your Symptoms and Take Control of Your Life

The Woman's Fibromyalgia Toolkit tells readers what they need to know to take control of fibromyalgia symptoms. It includes step-by-step instructions for using effective non-drug treatments,...

CFS shares symptoms with a number of other conditions including diabetes, thyroid disease, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. The disease was not so long ago dismissed as the "yuppie flu," but it has gradually gained legitimacy and is now accepted as an established diagnosis. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) developed a set of diagnostic criteria in 1994, and the agency has started tracking cases and reports that as many as 4 million Americans suffer from CFS.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.