How does surgery affect women with cervical cancer?

Surgery is one of the primary treatments for cervical cancers. It could be minor or it could be quite invasive. Procedures focusing on smaller areas of irregular cells in the cervix could use an electrically heated wire or lasers to remove the cells. Even freezing the cells to kill them and keep them from spreading is a possibility. Some minor discomfort may be involved.

But when the cervical cancer becomes more invasive, so does the surgery. A hysterectomy may be necessary to remove all of the cancerous tissue to prevent it from spreading. Removal of the uterus will leave a woman unable to have children. If the ovaries are also removed, this will trigger menopause. There are some surgeries that can be performed if the cancer is not too advanced that can preserve a younger woman's chance to get pregnant and carry a child. But if cancer has spread to other organs, major surgery involving not only the reproductive organs, but also the bladder and rectum may be warranted.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.