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If a person develops an infection inside the eye during or after cataract surgery, vision -- and even the eye -- could be lost. Most ophthalmologists use antibiotics before, during, and after surgery to minimize this risk. Surface inflammations or infections usually respond well to medication. Inflammation inside the eye without infection, which may occur in response to surgery, is usually minor and can be treated with postoperative steroids.
Although uncommon, a slight leak in the incision may occur, creating a greater risk for infection inside the eye. The doctor may apply a contact lens or a pressure bandage over the eye to promote healing. In rare cases, the wound has to be reclosed with a stitch.
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