What are the stages of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor?

Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors are classified by stage, and stages are determined by how advanced they are. There are three main stages:

  • Localized tumors are confined to the digestive organ in which they began to grow: the stomach, intestine, appendix, colon, or rectum.
  • Regional tumors have spread to adjacent lymph nodes, muscles, fat, or other tissues.
  • Metastatic tumors have spread to more distant organs or tissues. Most commonly, gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors spread to the liver.

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