Breast Cancer Basics
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Breast Cancer Basics

Take this quiz to test your knowledge about breast cancer basics, including prevention.

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Breast Cancer Basics
Breast Cancer Basics
Question 1 of 20 Correct

True or false: Some women with breast cancer show no physical symptoms at all.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. There are some situations where there are no physical symptoms and the breast cancer is detected by a mammogram. However, if you experience a lump in the breast, thickening of the breast skin, rash or redness of the breast, breast swelling, new onset of breast pain, dimpling around the nipple or on the breast skin, nipple discharge or lumps in the underarm area, talk to your doctor.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 2 of 20 Correct

How long could a tumor be growing inside the breast before it becomes a lump a person can actually feel?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Tumors in the breast can grow slowly. In some cases, by the time a tumor is large enough to feel, it may have been growing for as long as 10 years. However, some tumors are more aggressive (and grow more rapidly) than others.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 3 of 20 Correct

In stage 2 of this type of breast cancer, the cancer cells spread beyond the breast and into the lymph nodes. Which kind of breast cancer is it?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: It's important to know the difference between invasive cancer and non-invasive cancer (ductal carcinoma in situ). While stage 1 of invasive breast cancer is confined to the breast, stage 2 occurs when abnormal cells inside the ducts or lobules break out into nearby breast tissue, allowing the breast cancer cells to spread to the lymph nodes. DCIS is when abnormal cells grow inside the milk ducts, but have not spread to nearby tissue.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 4 of 20 Correct

What is the survival rate of breast cancer when caught early (before it spreads beyond the breast)?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The five-year survival rate for breast cancer that is caught before it spreads beyond the breast is now 98 percent. That's why it's crucial to have regular breast self-exams and annual mammograms.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 5 of 20 Correct

Which of these are NOT risk factors for breast cancer?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Despite Internet rumors, none of the above have been proven to cause breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 6 of 20 Correct

When does breast cancer in men typically occur?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Breast cancer in men is rare (about 1 percent of all breast cancer cases), but it does happen. Getting older increases the risk of male breast cancer, and typically is detected in men between ages 60 and 70. Other risk factors include men with Klinefelter's syndrome, the BRCA2 gene mutation, alcohol problems, liver disease and obesity.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 7 of 20 Correct

True or false: It is not possible to get invasive breast cancer after being diagnosed with DCIS.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. After treatment for DCIS, there is still a chance for invasive breast cancer to develop. The risk is higher with lumpectomy plus radiation than with a mastectomy. In a meta analysis of 21 studies, the risk of invasive breast cancer was about 9 percent following a lumpectomy plus radiation and 1.4 percent following a mastectomy. However, survival is the same after either treatment. With close follow-up, invasive breast cancer is usually caught early and can be treated successfully.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 8 of 20 Correct

True or false: Most women who develop breast cancer have a family history of the disease.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Most women who get breast cancer have no family history of the disease. However, a woman whose immediate family had breast cancer does have an increased risk.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 9 of 20 Correct

Besides a family history, what else is considered a risk factor for breast cancer?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above are risk factors for breast cancer. Other risk factors include, getting older, a personal history of breast or ovarian cancer, having a previous biopsy showing hyperplasia, never having children, current or recent use of birth control pills, starting menopause after age 55 and being overweight after menopause or gaining weight as an adult.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of the following does not increase your risk of breast cancer?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Using hair dye, having an abortion or miscarriage or getting breast implants do not increase your risk of breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 11 of 20 Correct

Walking how many minutes a day can lower your risk of breast cancer?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In one Los Angeles study, women who did any physical activity such as walking for just 20 minutes a day had a 38 percent lowered risk of early stage breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which of the following increases breast cancer risk?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Weight gain during adulthood increases the risk of breast cancer. One study found that women who gained 55 pounds or more after age 18 had nearly 50 percent greater risk of breast cancer, and a 22 pounds or more weight gain after menopause increased breast cancer risk by nearly 18 percent.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 13 of 20 Correct

What foods are known to reduce breast cancer risk?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Cruciferous and dark, leafy green vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts; fruits -- especially citrus, berries and cherries; whole grains; beans and legumes can all reduce breast cancer risk.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 14 of 20 Correct

Moderate physical activity can reduce breast cancer risk by ___ percent.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A study published in the March 2009 issue of the Journal of Sports Sciences showed that moderate or vigorous exercise reduced breast cancer risk by 44 percent. Another study says that moderate exercise decreased the risk of breast cancer recurrence, progression or development of a new primary cancer.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 15 of 20 Correct

What is the best way to do a self-exam?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A proper self-exam is done lying down instead of standing up. When lying down, the breast tissue spreads evenly over the chest wall and is as thin as possible, making it easier to feel all of the breast tissue. Lie down on your back, place the right arm behind your head. Use the finger pads of the three middle fingers of your left hand to feel for lumps in the right breast, using overlapping dime-sized circular motions to feel the breast tissue.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 16 of 20 Correct

At what age should a woman begin getting yearly mammogram screenings?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Mammograms are the most effective breast cancer screening tools today. According to the American Cancer Society, annual mammogram screenings are optional for women ages 40-44, and should be performed yearly during the ages of 45-54, then every other year after 55.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 17 of 20 Correct

How likely is a woman to develop breast cancer if she carries a mutated BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: About 5 percent of all breast cancer cases occur in women under age 40. Women who carry the mutated BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene may have a 30-to 85-percent chance of developing breast cancer in their lifetime. Women with a high risk of breast cancer should talk to their doctor about genetic testing, screening tests or risk reduction options.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 18 of 20 Correct

Which of the following tests may be beneficial for women with dense breasts?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Women with high breast density are up to five times more likely to get breast cancer than women with low breast density. Regular film mammography may miss cancers in these women, so ultrasound, MRI and digital mammography may be used to find hard-to-spot cancers. If you have dense breasts, ask your doctor which tests may be right for you.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True or false: All breast cancer patients will need surgery.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. The stage of breast cancer will determine the treatment, but all breast cancer stages include either a lumpectomy or more extensive surgery such as a mastectomy.

Breast Cancer Basics
Question 20 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is true of a cyst?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A cyst, a fluid-filled sac that feels like a lump or a tender spot, is most often found in women ages 30 to 50 and/or in postmenopausal women taking hormones and is typically not cancerous. A cyst doesn't not increase your chance of getting breast cancer in the future.

Breast Cancer Basics
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