What kinds of cancer may require an ostomy?

Here are the most common types of cancers where ostomies may sometimes be performed:
  • Ovarian cancer: Cancer of the ovaries may spread in the abdominal cavity, obstructing either the small or large intestine and could require an ileostomy or colostomy.
  • Small bowel cancer or ovarian cancer: If cancer has spread to the small bowel an ileostomy may be made.
  • Rectal cancer: If the rectum is removed, a colostomy is made.
  • Cervical cancer: Because the cervix and the uterus are between the bladder and the rectum, there may be a urostomy or colostomy.
  • Bladder and urethra cancer: If either the bladder or urethra is removed, a urostomy is formed.
  • Small intestine cancer: If cancer affects the small bowel, an ileostomy may be formed.
  • Colon cancer: Depending on the location of cancer in the colon, a colostomy may be required.
  • Prostate cancer: Because the prostate lies just above the rectum, surgery or radiation to the area may require a colostomy.
  • Uterine cancer: Because the uterus lies below the bladder and above the rectum, surgery or radiation to the area may require a colostomy or a urostomy.
There might be a need for an ostomy if cancer spreads to the bladder or rectum. This is more likely in cancers of body parts close to the bladder and rectum, such as cervical cancer and prostrate cancer.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.