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How are malignant tumors treated?

How a malignant tumor is treated depends on the type and extent of the malignancy. A tissue sample (biopsy) is usually needed to determine the exact kind of malignancy. Studies, like a positron emission tomography (PET) scan, may be done to see if the cancer has spread anywhere else. Treatment can involve surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or any combination of these. Surgery is a possibility if it will improve survival or quality of life in a way that outweighs the pain and risks of the surgery. Chemotherapy or radiation may be needed before and/or after the surgery. Long-term monitoring and follow-up is needed as well. Finally, if a malignancy is very advanced (has spread extensively throughout the body), the best treatment may be palliative care instead of unpleasant, aggressive treatments.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.