What causes testicular cancer?

Mark S. Litwin, MD
Urology
It's not known what causes testicular cancer. There’s nothing that a man does behaviorally that can cause it. It's probably genetic at some level, but doctors don’t understand the underlying reasons. Indeed, even the reason those with undescended testicles subsequently develop testicular cancer is not completely understood.

Researchers have not yet discovered exactly what causes testicular cancer to develop. Symptoms are caused when cells in your testicles, which normally divide and grow on a regular basis to maintain healthy testicles, go haywire, continuing to produce more cells when your body does not require them. These excess cells clump and form a tumor.

Continue Learning about Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Highly treatable, testicular cancer is one of the most curable types of cancer.Even when this rare cancer spreads to nearby lymph nodes, you have a 99% chance of surviving, and treatment is so effective that you have a 1 in 5,000 ...

chance of dying from this disease. Most testicular cancers begin with the abnormal production of the cells that produce immature sperm. Testicular cancer typically only affects one of the testes. Although most risk factors are not fully understood, you are several more times likely to develop this cancer if you have an undescended testicle. This cancer also tends to be more common among 15- to 34-year old males. See your doctor if you notice a mass in one of the testicles, feel fatigued or have an ache in the abdomen or groin. Surgical removal of the affected testicle a procedure called radical inguinal orchiectomy is the principal treatment to cure this cancer.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.