What are the treatment options for chemical burns?

Chemical burns require a great degree of water decontamination. Also, depending on the type of chemical exposure, poison control may need to be contacted to avoid systemic injury.

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Chemical burns are usually first treated by flushing the area with water for at least 30 minutes. In some cases, flushing may be necessary for up to two hours, such as with certain chemical burns to the eye. In some cases, water won't be used because it can actually increase the burn's damage.

More serious chemical burns may have a variety of treatment options, depending on the severity. Antibiotic creams may be used in order to prevent infection. Elevation of the burned area to prevent swelling may also be necessary. In serious cases where the skin won't heal properly, skin grafts may be used. Severe cases usually require fluids, as dehydration can be an issue, and surgery. Physical and occupational therapy are often needed as well.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.