Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Beyond a breast exam or mammogram, there are various tests and methods for doctors to diagnose and track progress of breast cancer. The process involves imaging and lab tests, including ultrasounds, MRIs, a breast biopsy and even bones scans to locate tumors and stage the cancer. A medical oncologist or breast surgeon help explain a breast cancer diagnosis and provide treatment options. Learn more about diagnosing breast cancer with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    A , OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology), answered
    No, having a breast biopsy does not mean you have breast cancer.  A breast biopsy is a procedure in which your doctor removes a small amount of tissue or fluid from your breast in order to have it examined under a microscope for both cancer and non-cancerous lesions. A biopsy is usually recommended if there is a lump found or something suspicious is found on mammogram or ultrasound of the breast. So don’t delay getting the procedure done or just assume you have cancer, because a large percentage of time they are benign.
    Stay safe and remember my thoughts are with you, 
    Dr.Christina
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    A Surgery, answered on behalf of
    Breast cancer doesn’t distinguish between size, shape or even gender. Even men can get breast cancer. No matter what the size of your breasts, annual mammograms help detect issues early and decrease the chance of death due to breast cancer. 
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    A answered
    One of the most important factors when it comes to breast cancer is whether the cancer is invasive or noninvasive. Noninvasive (in situ) cancers are confined to the ducts or lobules and have not spread to surrounding tissues or other parts of the body. Noninvasive cancers can develop into more serious invasive tumors. Invasive breast cancer has spread outside the milk duct and into the normal tissue inside the breast. Whether a breast cancer is invasive or noninvasive determines treatment and prognosis.
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    A Surgery, answered on behalf of
    In the 1800s, Rudolph Virchow, a doctor and pathologist, described a whole slew of various tumors based on their appearance under a microscope. Until very recently, the appearance of the breast cancer under the microscope was the most important information doctors had to determine the type of tumor. The two most common types of tumors are infiltrating ductal cancer, which has a frequency of 70% to 80%, and invasive lobular cancer, which has a frequency of 5% to 10%.

    In the 21st century, there are new methods of classifying breast cancers. Doctors extract the nucleic acids from the breast cancer cells and look at the proteins expressed by the cancers in a DNA array. Thousands of genes have been observed, and breast cancers can be classified based on their gene expression. Doctors are learning more and more about the genes that drive the breast cancer and cause it to behave the way it does. This is leading to a shift in how cancers are classified. While in the past only chemotherapy was used, now tumors are classified by their molecular profiles and there are therapies that can target the molecular defect and leave the normal cells alone.
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    A answered
    There are three main ways to detect abnormalities in your breasts that may be cancerous. These are breast self-examination, mammograms and regular breast exams by your healthcare professional. Other imaging studies such as ultrasound and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can also help find cancer in the breast.
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    A Surgery, answered on behalf of
    Are there any additional risks in 3D mammography?
    Overall exposure to radiation from a mammogram is very minimal, especially when compared to the benefit it provides in screening for breast cancer. Watch as Jamie Caughran, MD, FACS, of Mercy Health, explains the risks of both 2D and 3D mammograms.

    Trinity Health is a Catholic health care organization that acts in accordance with the Catholic tradition and does not condone or support all practices covered in this site. In case of emergency call 911. This site is educational and not a substitute for professional medical advice, always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider.
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    A answered
    Tubular carcinoma is characterized by tubular structures ringed with a single layer of cells. Only 2% of all breast cancers fall into this category. The prognosis is usually good. 
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    A Diagnostic Radiology, answered on behalf of
    Why is 3D mammography showing promise?
    One advancement in breast cancer screening is 3D mammography, which allows for more accurate screenings and fewer callbacks. In this video, Michael Paciorek, MD, of Mercy Health, explains why he believes 3D mammography will soon be the new standard.

    Trinity Health is a Catholic health care organization that acts in accordance with the Catholic tradition and does not condone or support all practices covered in this site. In case of emergency call 911. This site is educational and not a substitute for professional medical advice, always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider.
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    Sentinel lymph node mapping is often done before surgery. This procedure helps the surgeon know which lymph nodes are the primary ones that receive drainage from the breast tissue, an indication of which ones would probably be the first to have cancerous cells in them. By doing the mapping ahead of time, your surgeon can take out fewer overall lymph nodes, which helps your healing time while decreasing the severity of complications like lymphedema.