Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Beyond a breast exam or mammogram, there are various tests and methods for doctors to diagnose and track progress of breast cancer. The process involves imaging and lab tests, including ultrasounds, MRIs, a breast biopsy and even bones scans to locate tumors and stage the cancer. A medical oncologist or breast surgeon help explain a breast cancer diagnosis and provide treatment options. Learn more about diagnosing breast cancer with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    A Nursing, answered on behalf of
    How Is Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) Diagnosed?
    Inflammatory breast cancer is diagnosed during an exam due to visual signs, says Laurie Rudolph from Reston Hospital Center. Learn more in this video.
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    There is no doubt that breast cancer can run in families, so it's likely that there is a hereditary factor. It is important to note that only about 10 percent of women diagnosed with breast cancer have a family history. Just because one of your relatives had breast cancer does not mean you are absolutely fated to develop it.

    Scientists have identified two genes, BRCA 1 and BRCA 2, that seem to be associated with an increased risk for breast cancer. In fact, five to ten percent of women diagnosed with breast cancer will be carriers of one of these mutations.

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    A Surgery, answered on behalf of
    Are there any additional risks in 3D mammography?
    Overall exposure to radiation from a mammogram is very minimal, especially when compared to the benefit it provides in screening for breast cancer. Watch as Jamie Caughran, MD, FACS, of Mercy Health, explains the risks of both 2D and 3D mammograms.

    Trinity Health is a Catholic health care organization that acts in accordance with the Catholic tradition and does not condone or support all practices covered in this site. In case of emergency call 911. This site is educational and not a substitute for professional medical advice, always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider.
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    The pathologist determines if the cells studied under the microscope are cancerous (malignant), precancerous (premalignant: at high risk of becoming cancerous), or benign (harmless).

    If you are told it’s benign, don’t just run out the door to celebrate. You still want a copy of the pathology report, because there’s one key term you need to look for: atypical hyperplasia. If you have this, you have an increased risk of breast cancer in the future. Most pathologists now know how important this is and comment on it in their reports. But don’t take any chances. If your report says “hyperplasia of the usual kind,” then you’re probably fine.

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    A , Plastic Surgery, answered
    Men, just like women, may have breast lumps. If this be the case, it should be clearly delineated and biopsied, as necessary, in order to determine malignancy versus gynecomastia, versus simple benign tissue.
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    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields to show differences between normal and abnormal tissue. For most women at high risk for breast cancer, screening with both mammograms and MRI should start at age 30 (or an age determined by the woman's healthcare professional) and continue for as long as a woman is in good health.

    For an MRI scan, you lie in a specially designed structure that houses the magnetic field. Contrast material is injected into your veins, and the MRI image shows the dye coursing through the blood vessels in your breasts.

    This test is used to detect cancer, determine the extent of disease, monitor response to therapy and screen women at high risk for breast cancer.
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    Benefits of genetic testing for the BRCA breast cancer genes include enabling people to make better treatment decisions for themselves, and potentially saving the lives of family members.

    Researchers found that younger women with breast cancer are increasingly choosing testing to determine if they are carriers of genetic mutations (BRCA 1 and 2) that place them at increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.

    Because of testing one person, doctors have essentially been able to catch cancer earlier or prevent a cancer diagnosis in that person's relatives by what is called cascade testing, or testing other family members. This testing gives people the tools to really put them at the best chance to catch cancer early or lower their risks.
     
    This content originally appeared online at Baptist Health South Florida. https://baptisthealth.net/baptist-health-news/breast-cancer-patients-opting-genetic-testing/?cat=life
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    Women under the age of 40 are usually not screened for breast cancer with mammograms and ultrasounds. In general, we don't recommend such screening unless these young women have a very strong family history of other personal risk factors that put them at a very high risk of breast cancer at a young age.

    Only 2% of all breast cancers are diagnosed in women age 40 and younger. However, the leading cause of cancer death in women under the age of 40 is actually breast cancer. Many young women with breast cancer are not diagnosed until the late stages of the disease and often have a more aggressive type of cancer.
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    A Internal Medicine, answered on behalf of
    How does family history affect my risk of breast cancer
    Family history is often a cause of many cancers. Accordingly, it can increase the risk for breast cancer, says Tejas Raiyani, MD. In this video, learn about the importance of family history.
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    Digital breast tomosynthesis, also called three dimensional  (3D) mammography, uses low-dose radiation to create images of breast tissue that are sliced into 8 to 15 views. The computer system then transforms the views into 3D angles of the breast. The density of the breast tissue determines the number of slices. The denser the tissue, the more slices, or views, the computer generates, providing radiologists and technicians clearer views of and through the tissue.

    The 3D technology gives a clearer picture of breast tissue, especially in women with dense breasts. It allows the doctor to "see through" overlapping breast tissue so that masses are more readily seen. The other important benefit of 3D imaging is the reduction in recall rates -- having to call people back for additional mammographic views or supplemental tests -- which greatly reduces a person's anxiety.
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