Can Botox injections prevent wrinkles in young population?

Daniel Kapp
Daniel Kapp on behalf of MDLIVE
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery

The action of Botox is to paralyze muscles.  There are two types of wrinkles; dynamic wrinkles and static wrinkles.  Dynamic wrinkles are wrinkles that are caused by the mechanical action of muscles pulling on the skin.  In young people dynamic wrinkles occur when smiling or raising the brow.  The action of Botox is to paralyze muscles and thereby, reducing the muscle action on the skin.  This reduces the appearance of dynamic wrinkles.  Over time dynamic wrinkles, as they become confluent, can become static wrinkles or permanent wrinkles.  Static wrinkles do not change in relation to the mechanical action of the muscles.  While Botox can prevent dynamic wrinkles from becoming static wrinkles, Botox will not prevent the more common causes of static wrinkles which are smoking and injury to the skin from repeated exposure to UV radiation from sunlight.  In order to prevent wrinkle formation over time, a lifestyle of sun avoidance is necessary, especially during the peak hours of sunlight, from 10a to 3p.  Additionally, topical medications such as Retin-A, have been shown over time to decrease static wrinkles.

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