What are the goals of spondylolisthesis surgery?

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The goals of spondylolisthesis surgery are to decompress the spinal nerves and to stabilize. Stabilization requires fusion. Significant spondylolisthesis that causes severe stenosis posteriorly would require what's called a laminectomy and fusion. Doctors remove the back portion of the spine that is compressing the nerves, and realign the spine by removing the incompetent disc and replacing it with a spacer, such as a cage or bone. Then pedicle screws and rods are placed to help stabilize the segment and allow it to fuse.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.