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How does extra iron in the blood affect people with thalassemia?

Extra iron in the blood can cause problems for the liver and heart in people with thalassemia. Blood transfusions for thalassemia can cause the body to have too much iron. Thalassemia also causes the body to grab extra iron out of food. The extra iron from food and blood transfusions builds up and causes problems for the liver and heart. This is called iron overload and it’s very dangerous.

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